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 TOC bicycle steel frames & brass lined
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Kurt S.

USA
250 Posts

Posted - 09/13/2017 :  06:56:05  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
Hello all,

looking for any information regarding bicycles about the TOC that used brass lined steel tubing for their frames.

Simply doing some research on Wisconsin bicycle manufacturing, but am interested in learning more about this subject.

Thanks again, Kurt

Kurt J. Schaak
kurtschaak@yahoo.com

Joseph Martin

USA
1973 Posts

Posted - 09/13/2017 :  12:16:11  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
Kurt, this subject has come up before I recall, long ago I researched this very topic and never knew for certain if the brass lined tubing was ever used in the construction a bicycle frames, and if it was what was the advantage over 'normal' steel tubing. Any who, here is a good information source:

https://books.google.com/books?id=shfOAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA412&lpg=PA412&dq=brass+lined+steel+tubing&source=bl&ots=djDaMOIfrH&sig=9FrVwP3QYw29tjsEh_EP4S5w7VY&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjIsNrp7KLWAhVh74MKHQqrCuEQ6AEIYzAM#v=onepage&q=brass%20lined%20steel%20tubing&f=false
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Kurt S.

USA
250 Posts

Posted - 09/13/2017 :  14:23:16  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
Joseph,

Just got back from a ride and grateful to your kind response. I am always amazed by the wealth of information, I hadn't thought about a patent connection with this bicycle brand and the tubing.

I came across it in researching Wisconsin brands and manufacturers. The brand name for one of the bicycles is on our list of bicycles at the home page, and I've reached out to Bill to see if their is any information he has on it. I think it is attributed to possibly a distributor and not the manufacturer.

The manufacturer does not appear in our list, nor do their brands, they were not a jobber, but have a long history going back to carriage making on into the motorcycle and automobile manufacturing. They even made a brand which had a wooden bicycle frame prior to the makes using the brass lined steel tubing.

After I shower, I'll put something together that makes sense with the names and dates. At least of what I have so far, maybe it could be expanded on from there.

Kurt J. Schaak
kurtschaak@yahoo.com
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Kurt S.

USA
250 Posts

Posted - 09/13/2017 :  17:45:05  Show Profile  Reply with Quote
So I found this manufacturer of these unique bicycles with brass lined steel tubing while searching information regarding a patent date of 13 Nov. 1888, for the crank hanger portion of the bicycle, which I can now say I am convinced this had been used by the American Bicycle Company (The Trust) because they filed a lawsuit which was later settled out of court (The Bicycling World and Motorcycle Review Vol XLIV Oct 24, 1901). That lawsuit was against the “Wisconsin Wheel Works” but effected independent manufacturers by setting precedence for the Trusts claims.

ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/79598030/?terms=%22American%2BBicy

ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/79598018/?terms=%22American

ref; page 49 of; https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=eVpEAQAAMAAJ&printsec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PP1

Note; still researching the Nov 18th, 1888 stamps, which I had attributed to German imports.




History in the making:

Back in 1834 the first and only wagon maker in Chicago was a man named Henry Mitchell.

1837 he moved to Wisconsin and partnered with Joseph Quarles, forming “Mitchell & Quarles” who established “Mitchell Wagon Works” (the first Co. to put springs on their wagons)

Mid 1840’s Mitchell & Quarles dissolved and Henry went to Racine and established the “Mitchell Wagon Company”, this was a world recognized name in the industry.

1880= fire destroys the factory

1884 = Henry Mitchell & his son-in law- W.T. Lewis incorporated to form “Mitchell, Lewis, & Co.”

1890= manufacturing of 100 wagons per day (THAT”S A LOT OF WAGONS) & selling internationally.
1893= Henry Mitchell dies
1896= “Mitchell & Lewis Co.” purchases the “Beebe Wheel Works” or “Beebe Manufacturing Comp.” already making wooden framed bicycles, and began “WISCONSIN WHEEL WORKS”
This begins the venture into bicycle making, and with their first bicycle the Beebe.
also ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/246062733/?terms=%22Wisconsin%2BWh



1898= “Wisconsin Wheel Works” begins manufacturing of motorcycles (The Mitchell) By 1902 was the best-selling motorcycle of the U.S. market.

1900= Fire destroys Racine plant
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/186967645/?terms=%22Wisconsin%2BWheel%2BWo

Regarding this fire an article, which I have yet to decipher as to the insurance claims
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/33885959/?terms=%22Wisconsin%2

1900= BRASS LINED SAFETY TUBING is used in the Mitchell and Golden Eagle Bicycles
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/197174952/?terms=%22Golden%2BEagle%2BBicycle%22



1900= “Wisconsin Wheel Works” is taunted as the largest ANTI-TRUST factory in the U.S.
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/76586597/?terms=%22Wisconsin%2BWheel%2BWorks


1900=the “Phoenix", "Golden Eagle”, “Mitchell Special” & “Mitchell roadster” brands of bicycles noted in advertising
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/197172129/?terms=%22Golden%2BEagle%2BBicycle%22

https://www.newspapers.com/image/197169129/?terms=%22Golden%2BEagle%2BBicycle%22

https://www.newspapers.com/image/197167408/?terms=%22Golden%2BEagle%2BB


1901-1902 Trust lawsuit and eventual settlement out of court & the Smith patent of 1888


1903= “GREAT WESTERN MFG. CO.” of Laporte, IN, purchases “Wisconsin Wheel Works” (bicycle interests), moves operations to Indiana, doubling their production to be the largest independent manufacturer exclusively to building bicycles. This article mentions that “Wisconsin Wheel Works” at the time of the deal had an output of 36,000 bicycles per year.
ref; https://www.newspapers.com/image/167700474/
1903= “Wisconsin Wheel Works” of Racine, now going under the flag of “ Mitchell Motor Car Company” begins automobile manufacturing & continues their “Mitchell” brand of motorcycle.

Credit has to be given as well to a great collection, with extensive information, regarding Lewis Miller and Mitchell and their museum. They actually have an 1896 ladies model Golden Eagle on display and can be viewed at their web site. It is thought to be the only one remaining to exist;

See; https://mitchellcarcollection.com



So now that everyone with an odd brand is ripping off their handlebars to see if their bicycles might hold the Wonka’s “golden” wrapper equivalent, remember we can probably get you to Racine, but the factory tour won’t happen.

Kurt J. Schaak
kurtschaak@yahoo.com

Edited by - Kurt S. on 09/13/2017 17:49:53
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